10 And I will provide a place for my people Israel
and will plant them
so that they can have a home
of their own and no longer be disturbed.
Wicked people will not oppress them anymore,
as they did
at the beginning
11 and have done ever
since the time I appointed leaders
over my people Israel.
I will also give you rest from all your enemies.
‘The LORD declares to you that the LORD himself will
establish a house for you:
12 When your days are over and you rest with your ancestors,
I will raise up your offspring to succeed you,
your own flesh and blood, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.
14 I will be his father, and he will be my son.
When he does wrong, I will punish him with a rod wielded by men,
with floggings inflicted by human hands.
15 But my love will never be taken away from him,
as I took it away from Saul,
whom I removed from before you. The youngest son of Jesse,
David began his career as an aide at the court of Saul, Israel’s first king. He so distinguished himself as a warrior against the Philistines that his resultant popularity aroused Saul’s jealousy, and a plot was made to kill him. He fled into southern Judah and Philistia, on the coastal plain of Palestine, where, with great sagacity and foresight, he began to lay the foundations of his career.
As an outlaw with a price on his head, David led the life of a Robin Hood on the desert frontier of his tribal domain in Judah (in the south of the Levant). He became the leader and organizer of a group of other outlaws and refugees, who progressively ingratiated themselves with the local population by protecting them from other bandits or, in case they had been raided, by pursuing the raiders and restoring the possessions that had been taken. Those actions eventually ensured that he would be “invited” to become king as the true successor of Saul after the latter was slain in battle against the Philistines on Mount Gilboa.
According to the biblical account, David was proclaimed king in Hebron. He struggled for a few years against the contending claim and forces of Ishbaal, Saul’s surviving son, who had also been crowned king, but the civil war ended with the murder of Ishbaal by his own courtiers and the anointing of David as king over all of Israel. He conquered the Jebusite-held town of Jerusalem, which he made the capital of the new united kingdom and to which he moved the sacred Ark of the Covenant, the supreme symbol of Israelite religion. He defeated the Philistines so thoroughly that they were never again a serious threat to the Israelites’ security, and he annexed the coastal region. He went on to establish an empire by becoming the overlord of many small kingdoms bordering on Israel, including Edom, Moab, and Ammon.
David’s great success as a warrior and empire builder was marred by interconnected family dissensions and political revolts. To tie together the various groups that constituted his kingdom, David took wives from them and created a harem. The resultant family was an extreme departure from the family in the consanguineal context, the traditional clan structure. David’s wives were mostly completely alien to one another, and his children were without the directing support of established social patterns that provided precedents for the resolution of conflict or for
establishing the rights of succession.
One of the first things David did as king was move the Ark to Jerusalem close to his palace. As a true worshipper, he wanted to be close to the Ark and God's presence. By moving the Ark to Zion, David was saying “God is important to me. Spiritual things are my top priority. A big difference between King Saul and King David can be seen in how they treated the Ark of the Covenant. Saul basically ignored it and God. In his forty-year reign, Saul only mentioned it one time (1 Sam. 14:18) when he wanted God’s help to defeat his enemy. David made the Ark a central part of his reign.
Psa 132 NKJV - 1
A Song of Ascents.
LORD, remember David [And] all his afflictions; 2 How he swore to the LORD, [And] vowed to the Mighty One of Jacob: 3 "Surely I will not go into the chamber of my house, Or go up to the comfort of my bed; 4 I will not give sleep to my eyes [Or] slumber to my eyelids, 5 Until I find a place for the LORD, A dwelling place for the Mighty One of Jacob." 6 Behold, we heard of it in Ephrathah; We found it in the fields of the woods.* 7 Let us go into His tabernacle; Let us worship at His footstool.
Seventeen verses in the New Testament describe
Jesus as the “son of David"
But the question arises,
how could Jesus be the son of David
if David lived approximately 1,000 years
The answer is that Christ (the Messiah)was the fulfillment
of the prophecy of the seed of David
(2 Samuel 7:12–16).
Jesus is the promised Messiah,
which means He had to be of the lineage of David.
Matthew 1 gives the genealogical proof that Jesus,
in His humanity,
was a direct descendant of Abraham and David through Joseph,
Jesus’ legal father.
The genealogy in Luke 3 traces
Jesus’ lineage through His mother, Mary.
Jesus is a descendant of David by adoption through Joseph and
by blood through Mary.
“As to his earthly life [Christ Jesus] was a descendant of David”
Primarily, the title “Son of David” is
more than a statement of physical genealogy.
It is a Messianic title. When people referred to Jesus as the Son of David,
they meant that He was the long-awaited Deliverer,
of the Old Testament prophecies
Jesus was addressed as “Lord, thou son of David”
several times by people who,
by faith, were seeking mercy or healing.
The woman whose daughter was being
tormented by a demon
and the two blind men by the wayside (Matthew 20:30)
all cried out to the Son of David for help.
The titles of honor they gave Him declared their faith in Him.
"Lord” expressed their sense of His
deity, dominion, and power, and calling Him “Son of David,”
expressed their Faith that He was the Messiah
The Pharisees understood exactly what the people meant when they called
Jesus “Son of David.”
But, unlike those who cried out in faith,
the Pharisees were so blinded by their own pride that they couldn’t see what the blind beggars could see—that here was the Messiah they
had supposedly been
waiting for all their lives.
They hated Jesus because He wouldn’t give them the honor
they thought they deserved, so when they heard the people hailing
Jesus as the Savior,
they became enraged (Matthew 21:15) and
plotted to destroy Him
Jesus further confounded the scribes and Pharisees
by asking them
to explain the meaning of this very title:
how could it be that the Messiah is the son of David
when David himself refers to Him as
(Mark 12:35–37; cf. Psalm 110:1)?
The teachers of the Law couldn’t answer the question. Jesus thereby exposed the Jewish leaders’ ineptitude as teachers and their ignorance of what the Old Testament taught as to the
TRUE nature of the Messiah, further alienating them from Him.
Jesus’ point in asking the question of Mark 12:35 was that the Messiah is more than the physical son of David.
If He is David’s Lord, He must BE greater than David.
As Jesus says in Revelation 22:16,
"I AM the Root and the Offspring of David.”
He is BOTH the Creator of David
and the Descendant of David
Son of God made flesh
could say that