The book of Genesis
God created Eve:
"The Lord God caused the man to
fall into a deep sleep;
and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs and
then closed up the place with flesh.
Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man” (Genesis 2:21–22). The phrase for “one of his ribs” could be translated
“a part of his side” (NET),
but almost every English translation specifies the part as a “rib.”
in making Adam,
God used the “dust of the ground” to form his body and
"breathed into his nostrils the breath of life,
and the man became a living being” (Genesis 2:7).
But, in making Eve,
God did not go back to the dust;
He used one of Adam’s ribs to form the woman.
When she was brought to Adam, the man said,
“This is now bone of my bones
flesh of my flesh;
she shall be called ‘woman,’
for she was taken out of man” (verse 23).
God used Adam’s rib to form Eve—He used existing tissue and
did not “start from scratch”--
to show that Adam and Eve were of the
she was made from the same “stuff” and was a
God’s image and likeness,
just as Adam was (see Genesis 1:27).
The woman made of Adam’s rib was designed to be a companion
and “helper suitable”
Eve, formed from a physical part of Adam, was
truly his complement, an
who he was.
As such, she was a perfect companion.
did God use Adam’s rib?
Portions of rib bone and cartilage removed in bone graft surgery
in a few months’ time, as long as the rib perichondrium is left intact. This means that Adam’s loss of a rib was only temporary;
he did not have to go through the rest of his life with an
incomplete skeletal system.
When God brought Eve to Adam, they were
united in marriage:
the “woman” in Genesis 2:22 is called Adam’s “wife”
in verse 24.
The pattern for marriage, the first social institution,
was thus established by God in Eden.
The manner of
"why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife,
and they become one flesh.”
The unity of a married couple and the “one flesh” principle are based on the fact that God used one of Adam’s ribs to make the woman.
God’s use of one of Adam’s ribs to make Eve is a reminder that woman was
to be “beside” man.
Together, the man and woman
complement one another in marriage,
they are “heirs together of the
grace of life”
(1 Peter 3:7, NKJV).